bangladesh Bangladesh Cyclone relief

Bay of Bengal


1991





Around 24 Apr 1991 a cyclone started to develop near the Andaman and Nicobar islands and began to move north into the upper Bay of Bengal, dragging a tidal surge up to 6 m with it. It made landfall near Coxs Bazaar on 29 April and moved up the east coast towards Chittagong. Low pressures reached around 920 hPa, causing wind speeds well over 125kts.

Around 140,000 lost their lives and a comparable number were injured, with an estimated 15 million people affected in some way. The situation was made worse by the underestimation of its severity, the short notice given for evacuations and the lack of preparedness. The tidal surge innundated agricultural land with sea water, destroying crops and making it unproductive. Chittagong Harbour was to all intents and purposes, destroyed.

A multi-national relief effort began with massive contributions from the US (led by the USMC with an Expeditionary Battalion, c 30 helicopters and 4 hovercraft in support, under Operation Sea Angel) together with assistance from China, India, Japan, Pakistan and the United Kingdom (with 4 Sea Kings from 826 NAS D Flt embarked on RFA Fort Grange, under Operation Manna).


Units

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DatesRotary Wing Aircraft UnitModels
    01may91 to 03jun91 UK 826 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Sea King
Sea King




Not all models shown may have taken part in the Operation




Ships

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ClassesShips
Support Ship  Fort I class (1978)   Royal Fleet Auxiliary A385 RFA Fort Grange,







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