somalia Operation Eastern Exit

US Embassy, Mogadishu


05-jan-91    to    11-jan-91





The situation in Somalia had been deteriorating for some time and the US Ambassador had recently assisted the USMC in upgrading a contingency evacuation plan - he had had previous experience from Liberia. This plan was more or less executed from 2 Jan.

The HMH-461 CH-53E cross-decked from USS Trenton to USS Guam before final launch and conducted two night time air-to-air refuelings with KC-130s, to reach the embassy compound. The KC-130s flights were operated from VMGR-252 and VMGR-352 in Bahrain. The main evacuation force consisted of 10 Night Vision equipped CH-46 Sea Knight from the USS Guam. These conducted night landings at the embassy in 4 waves, to evacuate over 280 people from 30 nations and finally to collect the protection team.


Units

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DatesRotary Wing Aircraft UnitModels
    05jan91 to 06jan91 US Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 263 US Marine Corps 107M H-46 Sea Knight
    05jan91 to 06jan91 US Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 365 US Marine Corps 107M H-46 Sea Knight
    05jan91 to 06jan91 US Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 461 US Marine Corps S-80 H-53E


Not all models shown may have taken part in the Operation




Ships

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ClassesShips
Assault Carrier  Iwo Jima class   United States Naval Aviation LPH-9 USS Guam,
Landing Ship/Platform Dock  Austin class   United States Naval Aviation LPD-14 USS Trenton,






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