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  • iraq Operation Haven

    Northern Iraq

    18-apr-91    to    15-jul-91

    Following the comprehensive defeat of Iraq military forces during and after the occupation of Kuwait under Operation Desert Storm, the Baathist regime in Iraq almost immediately began campaigns of internal repression, one against the Marsh Arabs in the south of Iraq and one against the Kurds in the north.

    The UK began a round of diplomatic conversations which culminated in the creation of Operation Haven (aka Operation Provide Comfort in the USA), a multinational mission to prevent the Iraqi attacks against its own population, to enforce a northern No Fly Zone and to provide humanitarian and re-settlement support to those displaced.
    Most of the UK air assets arrived on RFA Argus in the Turkish port of Iskenderun on 30 Apr, with two 3 CBAS Gazelles joining on 5 May, having been flown in to Diyarbakir by the RAF.
    Forward Operating Bases had been set up well into northern Iraq at
    • Cap Badge (until 17 Jun)
    • Breeze Block (until 29 Jun) and
    • Workhorse.
    On 25 Jun a Flight of 3 CBAS moved to the Brigade HQ at Sirsenk to support the remainder of 40 Commando, RM until its withdrawl on 15 Jul.
    Also involved with Operation Provide Comfort I were the United States Air Force, Army, Navy and Marine Corps plus units from France.


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    DatesRotary Wing Aircraft UnitModels
        18apr91 to 15jul91 UK 3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron Royal Marines SA341B Gazelle AH.1
        20apr91 to 05jul91 UK 846 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Sea King HC.4
        30apr91 to jul91 UK 845 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Sea King HC.4

    Not all models shown may have taken part in the Operation

    Individual helicopters

    Model IDs
    Westland Lynx AH1 XZ644    


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    Helicopter Carrier  Argus class   Royal Fleet Auxiliary A135 RFA Argus,

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