united kingdom 275 Squadron

Royal Air Force



1941 to 1959    




275 Squadron
Formed 15 Oct 1941 at RAF Valley as an Air-Sea Rescue unit with Walrus and Lysander fixed wing aircraft, it was disbanded at Harrowbeer, north of Plymouth on 15 Feb 1945. It reformed on 1 Mar 1953 at RAF Linton-on-Ouse, to become the first RAF SAR squadron to use the helicopter, with the Sycamore HR.13 in Apr 1953. It was also one of the few RAF units to use the Hiller HTE-2 (between Feb 1954 and May 1955), most being in Royal Navy service. In Jul 1954 the Sycamore HR.14 was introduced and this served until the unit was finally disbanded.

Squadron strength had built to 15 Sycamore in 6 Flights by 1957, including F Flt, which formed at Aldergrove on 15 Jul 1957 with 3 Sycamore. Following a unit re-organisation, F Flt became B Flt in Jun 1958. B Flt left Aldergrove on 4 Apr 1959.

In Mar 1959, the Whirlwind HAR.4 arrived, followed by some Whirlwind HAR.2s in Aug 1959. On 1 Sep 1959, the unit disappeared, being renumbered as 228 Squadron.


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Locations


YearsLocationICAO/FAA
1957/59AldergroveEGAA
1957/59RAF LeconfieldEGXV
1957/59Acklington
1957/58RMB ChivenorEGDC
1955/59RAF LeucharsEGQL
1955/59Norwich AirportEGSH
1954/57Thornaby
1954/57North Coates
1953/54RAF Linton-on-OuseEGXU


Models

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YearsModels
1959 Whirlwind     Whirlwind HAR.2
1959 Whirlwind     Whirlwind HAR.4
1954/59 Type 171 Sycamore     Sycamore 4
1953/55 Type 171 Sycamore     Sycamore 3








275 Squadron List of helicopters

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C/NVersionBuiltIn this OrgIn other Org
13066 Sycamore 3 1953 XD196 : w/o 13 Jan 1954 near RAF Linton-on-Ouse, while with 275 Sq
13067 Sycamore 3 1953 XD197 : w/o 17 Nov 1955 after it rolled over, following autorotation practice land+
13144 Sycamore 4 1952 XE306 : w/o 28 Jul 1954, Overturned after power loss in low hover, while with 275 +
Ministry of Defence (MoD) XE306 : HR.14 Del Nov 1953 to A&AEE
13198 Sycamore 4 1952 XE317 : Feb 1955, 275 Sq B Flt detached to RAF North Coates
: 275 Sq B Flt by Apr 1959, when unit departed Aldergrove.
- G-AMWO : Reg G-AMWO ntu ? To RAF as XE317
- XE317 : may78 pres Newark Air Museum in CFS c/s coded S-N - photo - www.airport-da+
: between May 1978 and Jul 1997, XE317 had been repainted from the RAF train+
: Pres at Firbeck, Yorkshire present jul97 photo www.airport-data.com/aircra+
: under restoration at South Yorkshire Aircraft Museum, Doncaster by May17
: 05sep19 pictured at Aeroventure, Doncaster in 275 Sq SAR markings
13225 Sycamore 4 1954 XF265 : w/o 10 Jul 1956 while operating with 275 Sq from RAF Leuchars, ditched and+
13246 Sycamore 4 1955 XG501 : HR.14 dd 9 Mar 1955. While operating with 275 Sq from RAF Leuchars, ditch+
13247 Sycamore 4 1955 XG502 : 275 Sq F Flt Jul 1957
British Army XG502 : HR.14, Gate Guardian at AAC Middle Wallop until c May 1983
: to Museum of Army Flying, Middle Wallop by May 1983
13267 Sycamore 4 1955 XG505 : 25 Jun 1956 ditched in sea off North Coates after engine failure, while wi+
13203 Sycamore 4 1955 XG506 : 275 Sq; 118 Sq; 225 Sq; 118 Sq; 72 Sq; Metropolitan Communications Sq; HD+
13269 Sycamore 4 1955 XG509 : HR.14 built at Filton, del RAF Jul 1955; 275 Sq; 228 Sq from Sep 1959
: 275 Sq B Flt by Apr 1959, when unit departed Aldergrove.
13368 Sycamore 4 1955 XG514 : Jan 1956 transferred from 275 Sq A Flt to B Flt at RAF North Coates, to as+
: 275 Sq F Flt by Feb 1958
13384 Sycamore 4 1956 XG544 : Built at Filton, dd 14 Dec 1956; 275 Sq Feb 1957; 72 Sq Oct 1961
- XG544 : Flew into Barton Pines on 11 Aug 1972 as one of founding exhibits at the T+
: to Tremar by 1989, still 1994. Sold c Nov 2000.
: If you think you saw this flying in the 1990s, it will very likely have be+
13385 Sycamore 4 1956 XG545 : w/o 16 Jul 1957, ditched into the North Sea 0.5nm off Happisburgh followin+
Bristol Aeroplane Company XG545 : 1st HR.14 built at Weston-Super-Mare. ff at Weston on 14 Mar 1956. Del RAF+
13240 Sycamore 4 1955 XJ363 : w/o 20 May 1957 after forced landing following engine malfunction, while w+
13242 Sycamore 4 1956 XJ380 : dd RAF as HR.14 on 22 Oct 1956;275 Sq; 228 Sq; CFS / S-M; Administratively+
Boscombe Down Aviation Collection XJ380 : private owner in Drighlington, S. Yorks by 1988 until 1991
: to Boscombe Down Aviation Collection Jun 2007. Restoration began Jan 2008.
wa 46 har.4 1955 XJ430 : 275 Sq A Flt by Sep 1959
13404 Sycamore 4 1956 XJ895 : 275 Sq; 284 Sq from Sep 1959; El Adem Stn Flt; 103 Sq; 1564 Flt; CFS / S-J
13409 Sycamore 4 1956 XJ915 : HR.14 built at Weston-super-Mare, del RAF Nov 1956; 275 Sq; CFS
: 275 Sq F Flt by Aug 1957
13410 Sycamore 4 1956 XJ916 : HR.14 built at Weston-super-Mare, del RAF Nov 1956; 275 Sq; Khormaksar SAR+
13412 Sycamore 4 1956 XJ917 : 19sep59 XJ917 participated in both the static and flying displays at the '+
Flambards Experience XJ917 : To Cornwall Aero Park (at least 1976 to 1985). Left by road after auction +
- XJ917 : Bristol Aero Collection (Banwell) arrived 30 Apr 1993; Kemble 2000 to May +
13413 Sycamore 4 1956 XJ918 : 275 Sq; A&AEE
13414 Sycamore 4 1957 XJ919 : 275 Sq F Flt by Aug 1957
: 275 Sq; 225 Sq; A&AEE
13441 Sycamore 4 1957 XL823 : 275 Sq B Flt by Apr 1959, when unit departed Aldergrove.
13460 Sycamore 4 1957 XL826 : 275 Sq by Jan 1959, CFS(H)/A-S Ternhill by 1963. w/o 28 Feb 1966 Ternhill,+





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