united kingdom Royal Marines



In Oct 1664, during a war with the Dutch, The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot was formed in the City of London. Also known as the Admiral's Regiment, these were land soldiers for sea service, funded by the Admiralty. They enforced discipline afloat, formed landing and boarding parties and guarded the hatches, magazines and the ships' keys. In 1689, they were disbanded, then reformed and disbanded again. By 1694 they were also manning the cannon. In 1699, they were transferred to the Army and the regiments abolished.
Reformed again in 1702 as six regiments for the War of Spanish Succession, the corps distinguished itself in 1704 for its marathon defence of Gibraltar - the only battle honour carried on its Colours, by order of King George IV. The Marines served worldwide, accompanying Lord Anson on his circumnavigation of the world, assisted General Wolfe's assault on Quebec, were at Bunker Hill in the American War of Independence and were at the Nile and Copenhagen facing Napoleon's fleet. In 1802, in recognition of their achievements, they became the Royal Marines. In 1804, they were organised into the Royal Marine Artillery and the Royal Marine Light Infantry.
Further doubt about the future of the Corps existed in the early part of the 20th Century, when its officers were frequently transferred to the Royal Navy, until it formed part of the Royal Naval Division in Flanders in the First World War and took part in the Zeebrugge Raid on the U-Boat base. In 1923, recruit training was centralised at Deal in Kent. Other shore bases were concentrated around the Naval Dockyards at Plymouth, Portsmouth and Chatham, which the Royal Marines were also to defend when not at sea. The 1924 Madden Committee report included amphibious operations in their role, specifically.
Shortly after the withdrawal from Dunkirk early in World War II, the Royal Marines held what little amphibious expertise existed and after the Special Service Brigades of the British Army, the Royal Marines were ordered to raise Commando units to meet Churchill's desire to set Europe ablaze, early in 1942. These eventually became 40 to 48 (Royal Marine) Commando and served in Brigades alongside the Army units. In 1946, the Army Commando units were disbanded.
On 1 April 2012, 43 Commando was reformed as the Fleet Protection Group at Faslane.


Royal Marines Merlin Mk4 First Flight, 28-Oct-16 : The AW101 Merlin Mk4, converted from ex RAF HC.3, replaced the Junglie Sea King HC.4 and will be the mainstay of British Commando Helicopter Force for the next decade and beyond

Wildcats for the First Time in Arctic Training, 10-Mar-16 : Royal Marines 847 Naval Air Squadron new Wildcats AH.1 helicopters, part of Commando Helicopter Force, spent six weeks in Norway for the first time in arctic conditions

Final UK Lynx Helicopter Depth Overhaul, 07-Dec-15 : After 37-year support, Vector Aerospace held a ceremony to commemorate the last Depth maintenance event to be completed on a UK Armed Forces Lynx helicopter. Lynx being replaced by Wildcat

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List of Units

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Rotary Wing Aircraft UnitCreatedDisband
    847 squadron - 847 naval air squadron 847NAS1943 --
    3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron - 3 cbas 3CBAS1968 1995

Bases and Locations

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Base / HeliportUnits on this Location
   RNAS Yeovilton847NAS 1995/   

Model Types

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  AW AW159 Wildcat AH12013
  Westland Lynx 1519822013
  SNIA SA341B Gazelle AH.11119732005
  Westland scout919701982
  Westland wessex3219691982
  Westland sioux2319651975
  Hiller UH-12E Raven119641964
  Westland whirlwind1219631964

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