westland dragonfly


Derived from sikorsky s-51 / R-5 / H-5

1948


dragonfly
In December 1946, Westland Aircraft signed an agreement to build under licence the world's first successful operational helicopter, the US Sikorsky S-51 general utility model. This became the first production helicopter in Britain and the first helicopter in the UK to achieve an airworthiness certificate. Named the Dragonfly, the first British-built WS51 flew on 5 October 1948. Westland produced two piston engined original versions, the Series 1A with a British 500hp Alvis Leonides 521/1 and the Series 1B with a US 450hp Pratt & Whitney R-985-B4 Wasp Junior. Westland produced about 150 Dragonflys. Of these, 71 went to the Royal Navy, a further 16 went to the Royal Air Force to form the first frontline helicopter squadron in the service. Westland also produced the Dragonfly for civilian customers and in small numbers for the militaries of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Egypt, France, Iraq, Italy, Japan and Yugoslavia. A further private development programme produced the Westland Widgeon, based heavily on the Dragonfly.


Derivatives

ModelYearHistory
Dragonfly 1A 1950 Civil transport helicopter powered by a 520 hp (388 kW) Alvis Leonides 521/1 radial piston engine.
Dragonfly HC.2 1950 3 Dragonfly HC.2 were initially ordered by the RAF and all were delivered in Mar 1950. These were based on the Navy Dragonfly HR.1 with composite ...
Dragonfly HR.1 1950
Dragonfly HR.3 1950
Dragonfly 1B 1951 Civil transport helicopter powered by a 450 hp (336 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Junior B4 radial piston engine with metal rotor blades.
Dragonfly HC.4 1952 The prototype Dragonfly HC.4 (WT845) for the RAF was based on the Navy Dragonfly HR.3 (with all metal main rotors) and included lessons learned f ...
Dragonfly HR.5 1953
widgeon 1955 Developed from the Westland WS-51 Dragonfly HR.5 as a private venture. A 3 seat general utility helicopter, powered by an Alvis Leonides 521 ...

Organisations

From Organisation with model dragonfly
1950
thailand Royal Thai Air Force
    Dragonfly 1A 3 1950/54
united kingdom Royal Air Force
    Dragonfly HC.2 4 1950/54
united kingdom Fleet Air Arm
    71 1950/67
1952
france Armée de l'Air
    9 1952/59
united kingdom Royal Air Force
    Dragonfly HC.4 12 1952/58
1953
united kingdom Royal Air Force
    16 1953/58
1954

serbia Air Force and Air Defence Force
    10 1954/??
Construction Numbers on database of dragonfly or its versions

23dragonfly
9Dragonfly 1A
5hr.1
17hr.3




Construction Numbers Help Us

Airframes conv to new variant
C/NBuilt asYearHistory
Filter    
    wa/h/001     Dragonfly 1A 1948 Westland G-AKTW : Westland-Sikorsky WS-51 Dragonfly 1st prototype f/f 05o+
Royal Air Force XD649 : RAF
Westland G-AKTW : widgeon Westland from 1955; reworked into Widgeon Series 2 pro+
Westland G-APPR : Originally built as a Dragonfly G-AKTW, 2nd convertion+
Bristow G-APPR : Bristow Oct58, North Sea offshore
Bristow Helicopters Nigeria 5N-ABV : Bristow Nigeria from 1962, offshore; Nigeria-Biafra wa+
    wa/h/002     Dragonfly 1A 1949 Westland G-ALEG : reg Westland as G-ALEG, 1949;
UK Government WZ749 : hc.2 sold to MoS as Dragonfly HC2, WZ749, 09Nov51;
Westland G-ALEG : rtnd Westland as G-ALEG, 24Feb52; w/o 26Sep52.
    wa/h/007     Dragonfly 1A 1949 Westland G-ALMC : Westland Dragonfly 1A, G-ALMC, 1949?
UK Government WF308 : hc.2 sold MoS as Dragonfly HC.2, WF308, 15Nov50; w/o 24Oct51+
    wa/h/009     hr.1 1949 Fleet Air Arm VX596 : 705Sq Jun 1950, 705Sq/710-GJ by Jul 1951, Warrior Flt N+
hr.3 Centaur Flt/902-C Apr 1954 to Mar 1955, 705Sq/535 by Ma+
hr.5 Eagle Flt/974-J by Aug 1957, 705Sq/532 by Nov 1957, For+
    wa/h/010     hr.1 1949 Fleet Air Arm VX597 : Built as HR.1 ff Oct 1949. 705Sq by Jan 1950, Indomitab+
hr.3 HR.3 conv by Mar 1953. Culdrose Stn Flt/901 by Jun 1953+
hr.5 HR.5 conv by May 1958. Centaur SAR Flt Jan 1959, 700Sq+
    wa/h/020     Dragonfly 1A 1950 Westland G-AMAK : ex G-17-1, to G-AMAK, ff Apr 1950, w/o 7 Jun 1950 at Ye+
    wa/h/021     hr.1 1950 Fleet Air Arm VZ962 : ff 18 May 1950 and del RNAS Gosport 13 Oct 1950. 705Sqn+
hr.3 Repaired Westland and con to HR.3 by 1953. 705Sqn/703-G+
hr.5 To Lee-on-Solent by Oct 1956 for conv to HR.5. Brawdy +
To RNEC Manadon Jun 1968 until c Aug 1972.
To BRNC Dartmouth for much of 1974, airframe incomplete+
Flambards Experience VZ962 : To Cornwall Aero Park by Jul 1981 (marked /912-CU) and +
    wa/h/023     hr.1 1950 Fleet Air Arm VZ964 : ff Aug 1950. 705 Sq by Jan 1951; shipped to Far East ab+
    wa/h/024     hr.1 1950 Fleet Air Arm VZ965 : ff Sep 1950, 705 Sq Nov 1950; Indomitable Flt 12 Jan 19+
hr.3 conv HR.3 at Ilchester Mar 1953; Albion Flt/901-Z Sep 1+
hr.5 conv to HR.5 Nov 1956 at Lee, CU Stn Flt/911-CU by Nov +
    wa/h/026     Dragonfly 1A 1950 Royal Thai Air Force G-AMAS : ex G-17-2, G-AMAS, to R Thai AF Aug 1950, wfu 1954
    wa/h/027     Dragonfly 1A 1950 Royal Thai Air Force G-AMAT : ex G-17-3, G-AMAT, to R Thai AF Aug 1950, wfu 1954
    wa/h/033     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG663 : dd May 1952 as HR.3 to RNAS Gosport. To HMS Campania Ju+
    wa/h/034     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG664 : dd May 1952 as HR.3 to RNAS Gosport. To HMS Campania Ju+
hr.5 conv to HR.5 at RNAY Donibristle from Jun 1954
705Sq /533 by Aug 1957. Britannia Flt (Plymouth) by sum+
    wa/h/035     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG665 : dd May 1952 as HR.3 to RNAS Gosport. To HMS Campania Ju+
HMS Warrior SAR Flt by Dec 1953, ditched on take-off, o+
    wa/h/039     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG669 : HR.3 705 Sq/700-GJ by Aug 1952 to Holland 2 Feb 1953 fo+
Albion SAR Flt/902-Z by Sep 1954, Eagle SAR Flt/901-J b+
hr.5 701Sq/719 by Jan 1958; 705Sq/530 by Oct 1958, crashed P+
    wa/h/040 1951 Fleet Air Arm WG670 : dd to RN, soc to Blackbushe open storage.
WG670 : to Historic Aircraft Museum, Southend c 1969. Damaged b+
    wa/h/041     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG671 : 705Sq/702-GJ Jul 1952 until c Aug 1953; HMS Centaur SAR+
hr.5 to Lee Aug 1957 for conv to HR.5; 701 Sq/720 by Nov 195+
    wa/h/050     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG719 : ff 19 Sep 1952 as HR.3 Hal Far SAR Flt/901-HF by Jan 1+
To Zakynthos on HMS Bermuda (C52), arr 15 Aug 1953 for +
705Sq/710-GJ by Nov 1954; to AHU Lee-on-Solent for conv+
hr.5 Yeovilton Stn Flt/948-VL by May 1958; [776Sq 1959-1961 +
G-BRMA : To British Rotorcraft Museum Weston-super-Mare Jun 1978+
    wa/h/053     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG722 : ff 16 Oct 1952, dd 9 Dec 1952 Gosport. To Malta in HMS +
To Zakynthos on HMS Bermuda, arr 15 Aug 1953 for earthq+
RNAY Donibristle by Jul 1954; Albion SAR Flt by Jun 195+
hr.5 Eglinton Stn Flt/918-GN by Oct 1958; 705Sq/530 by Sep 1+
    wa/h/058     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG748 : ff 10 Nov 1952. dd as HR.3 to Gosport 1 Dec 1952, 705Sq+
    wa/h/059     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG749 : ff Nov 1952 as HR, dd Dec 1952 to RNAS Gosport. Lossiem+
hr.5 Conv to HR.5 from Jul 1958; Sold to civil market by Oct+
    wa/h/061     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG751 : ff Nov 1952; 705Sq/710-GJ by Mar 1953; Yeovilton Stn Fl+
hr.5 Yeovilton Stn Flt/948-VL by Aug 1958; First helicopter +
WG751 Chatham Historic Dockyard : Moved between several scrapyards and eventually restore+
Jun09 pictured at the Historic Dockyard ( The wooden ar+
    wa/h/064     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WG754 : RN Dragonfly HR.3 d/d 15dec52; conv to HR.5; 15jul97 pi+
    wa/h/067     hr.3 1952 Fleet Air Arm WH991 : ff 4 Feb 1953 as HR.3, dd 24 Feb 1953 to RN at Gosport.+
hr.5 Converted to HR.5 by May 1958.
In Mar 1959 upper surfaces painted light colour for the+
Preserved at Yorkshire Air Museum, England
    wa/h/076     hr.3 1953 Fleet Air Arm WN499 : HR.3 ff 21 Apr 1953, Illustrious SAR Flt May 1953, 705S+
hr.5 Culdrose Stn Flt/911-CU Jul 1959, Fleetlands storage b+
WN499 Torbay Aircraft Museum : Torbay Aircraft Museum Jun 1971, /-Y still there Jun 19+
to Caernarfon Airworld by 1988 still Apr 1996, in poor +
    wa/h/078     hr.3 1953 Fleet Air Arm WP493 : ff May 1953 as HR.3 and dd May 1953 to RNAS Gosport. Lo+
hr.5 Repaired and conv to HR.5 at RNAY Donibristle by Nov 19+
    wa/h/080     hr.3 1953 Fleet Air Arm WP495 : ff 20 May 1953 as HR.3; Ford Stn Flt/982-FD by Aug 1953+
hr.5 Victorious SAR Flt/967-V by Apr 1959 to c Dec 1959; Cen+
WP495 : sold to Anglo Diesel Co Jun 1964
Royal Air Force WP495 : RAF Dragonfly HR.3 f/f 20may53; 14jul58 conv HR.5; fe+
G-AJOV : preserved at Royal Air Force Air Museum, Cosford
    wa/h/083     hr.3 1953 Fleet Air Arm WP498 : dd Jul 1953 to RNAS Gosport as HR.3. 4 month loan to RA+
hr.5 conv to HR.5 1958.
Ditched in sea off Northern Ireland Dec 1958.
    wa/h/086     hr.3 1953 Fleet Air Arm WP501 : RN d/d Aug53; 728Sq /903-HF Station Flt Hal Far by Feb5+
hr.5 701 Sq V Flt/705 on HMS Vidal by Feb 1958, ditched on t+
    wa/h/088 1953 Fleet Air Arm WP503 : built 1953, Eagle SAR Flt by Oct 1953, Lossiemouth Stn +
WP503 : to Humberside Aviation Museum in June 1976, wearing /90+
Sunk in lake at Capernwray Diving Centre, Lancs by Apr +
    wa/h/095 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11501 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/096 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11502 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/097 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11503 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/098 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11504 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/099 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11505 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/100 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11506 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/101 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11507 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/102 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11508 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/103 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11509 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/104 1954 Air Force and Air Defence Force 11510 : del Yugoslav Air Force (under MDAP) as Dragonfly 1B, 11+
    wa/h/111 1952 Armée de l'Air 111 : Dragonfly 1A, f/f 24 Mar 1952, d/d 4 Apr 1952. ex G-17-+
    wa/h/112 1952 Armée de l'Air 112 : Dragonfly 1A, f/f 4 Apr 1952, d/d 17 Apr 1952. ex G-17-+
    wa/h/113 1952 Armée de l'Air 113 : Dragonfly 1A f/f 9 Apr 1952, d/d 18 Apr 1952. ex G-17-6+
    wa/h/114 1952 Armée de l'Air 114 : Dragonfly 1A f/f 19 Apr 1952, d/d 23 Jun 1952. ex G-17-+
    wa/h/115 1952 Armée de l'Air 115 : Dragonfly 1A f/f 19 Apr 1952, d/d 23 Jun 1952. ex G-17-+
    wa/h/116 1952 Armée de l'Air 116 : Dragonfly 1A f/f 27 May 1952, d/d 23 Jun 1952. ex G-17-+
    wa/h/117 1952 Armée de l'Air 117 : Dragonfly 1A f/f 22 Sep 1952, d/d 29 Sep 1952. ex G-17-+
    wa/h/118 1952 Armée de l'Air 118 : Dragonfly 1A f/f 22 Sep 1952, d/d 29 Sep 1952. ex G-17-+
    wa/h/119 1952 Armée de l'Air 119 : Dragonfly 1A f/f 25 Sep 1952, d/d 30 Sep 1952. ex G-17-+
    wa/h/120     Dragonfly 1A 1952 Royal Thai Air Force H.1-4/96 : ex G-17-2, G-AMJW, to R Thai AF May 1953 as 305-03 H.1-+
preserved at Royal Thai Air Force Museum, Don Muang, st+
    wa/h/132     Dragonfly 1A 1954 Westland G-ANLV : w/o 14 Jun 1957, struck from UK register 7 Oct 1957
    wa/h/133     Dragonfly 1A 1954 Westland G-ANLW : Built as Srs.1A Reg G-ANLW Mar 1954
widgeon conv Srs.2 Widgeon 1957/8.
Made first flight into London Heliport on 8 Apr 1959, p+
1971 in movie When Eight Bells Toll
G-ANLW : private owner from 1973; Helicopter Hire at Southend f+
Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum by 2002
    wa/h/137 CH-501 : del Sri Lankan AF as CH-501, unk; pres SLAF Museum, Rat+
    wa/h/145 G-APBK :
VR-HFL :
Malaysia Air Charter 9M-AOP : Malaysia Air Charter
Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (Cina) Chi Hwa, Sandakan 9M-AOP : On display at Chi Hwa Primary School,Sandakan,Sabah, Ma+
54 C/N found.

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