With civil war in Libya increasing threatening civilians, the UK government ordered the British Armed Forces to perform a Non-combatant Evacuation Operation (NEO), codenamed Deference
Forward HQ was established in Malta
, where the RAF deployed a number of C-130 transports and Chinook HC.2
for extractions of British nationals in and around Tripoli. The Royal Navy diverted assets near theatre or in transt
to extract via Benghazi.
A number of other nations mounted similar operations, in particular, Germany under Operation Pegasus
, to Crete and Canada, under Operation Mobile