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  • Kamov Helicopters

    Nicolai Kamov started build his first rotor-winged aircraft in 1929, together with N.K.Skrzhinskij. Up to the 1940s, they created few more autogiros, including the only (in the World) armed one (A-7-3) that saw (limited) combat action. Since then, the Kamov bureau is specialized on compact helicopters of coaxial scheme, suitable for naval service and high-speed operations.

    September 25, 1929 : KaSkr-I Gyrocraft
    The first soviet Autogiro was designed by Kamov and Skrzhinskii based on Cierva models.

    1934 : A-7 An autogiro primarily used for observation duties.
    Kamov A-7

    November 12, 1947 : Ka-8 Vertolet
    With his first truly helicopter, Kamov introduced the coaxial scheme that the bureau will still using up to present day.
    The Ka-8 was a single-seat helicopter with a 27 hp motorcycle engine, boosted to 45 hp by using alcohol for fuel. The rotor blades were made of reinforced wood.
    Three units built.

    September 1949 : Ka-10 Hat
    The Hat was an improved Ka-8 with a 55 hp Ivchenko engine that can reach 90 km/h.
    The twin - tail was introduced in the Ka-10M
    12 units built.

    1952 : Ka-15 Hen
    A two-seat multi-purpose helo designed primarily for the soviet navy that became knew outside the USSR in 1955
    The civilian version was the Ka-15M

    Engine: 1 Ivchenko of 225 hp
    Speed: 150 km/h
    Service Ceiling: 3050 m

    1955 : Ka-18 Hog
    A Ka-15 with a large fuselage and a 280 hp Ivchenko AI-14VF engine.
    Could carry 4 passengers
    200 units built ( aprox. )

    1960 : Ka-20 Harp
    First saw in the Soviet National Aviation Day of 1961, it was considered the Ka-25 prototype.
    Was very similar to the Ka-15 and Ka-18.

    1960 : Ka-22 Hoop Vintokryl This convertiplane reaches several records but only one unit was produced.

    October 14, 1961 : The Ka-22 reach 337 km/h on 100 km circuit


    Continue with Continue to Part II

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