Established in 2000, the Polish Medical Air Rescue heirs to the traditions of the Polish pre- and postwar medical aviation. Financed by the Ministry of Health, every base has hired pilots, doctors, nurses and paramedics. They started flying with Mi-2 helicopters, fitted with proper medical equipment, which were eventually replaced by the EC135s.
As of 2015 operates helicopters from 17 bases.
As of 2019, the LPR operates 21 regional HEMS bases, 1 seasonal HEMS base and 1 EMS transport team.
In 2020, LPR crews flew a total of 11,000 missions, 10,650 of which utilised helicopters.