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  • libya Operation Unified Protector

    off LIbya

    27-mar-11    to    31-oct-11

    Operation Unified Protector

    Multi-national force under NATO command, continuing operations from UN SCR 1973, to support the anti-Gaddafi revolution underway in Libya. This followed up the US-led Operation Odyssey Dawn which started earlier in March. Participants were desperate to devise a strategy which did not involve putting boots on the ground, yet effectively supported the government opposition, focussed largely in the east of the country.

    It eventually involved Naval and Air forces of 13 nations, each using their own operation name, based around the Mediterranean and adjacent countries.

    The operation also had a political and economic dimension: freezing Libyan overseas assets, supporting democratic reform and jostling for position to win future hydrocarbon-related industrial and commercial work from the new government.

    From a UK perspective, the Government was in the van in leading the establishment of the operation but was in the untenable position of decommissioning the very military assets it needed, in order to prosecute the outcome.

    Known in:
    * CA Canada as Operation Mobile
    * FR France as Operation Harmattan, where main focus was around Brega, to the south of Benghazi
    * UK UK as Operation Ellamy, where main focus was to the west of Misrata.

    Other participating nations were Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Jordan, Netherlands, Norway, Qatar, Romania, Spain, Sweden, the UAE & the US.

    In addition to the surface units mentioned below, the UK also deployed HMS Triumph and then HMS Turbulent from the Silent Service.


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    DatesRotary Wing Aircraft UnitModels
        mar11 to - FR Flottille 36F Aéronautique Navale AS365 Dauphin 2
    SA365 Dauphin 2
        mar11 to oct11 UK 815 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Lynx
        may11 to 23sep11 UK 656 Squadron Army Air Corps WAH-64 Apache
        may11 to 22sep11 UK 857 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Sea King ASaC.7
        jun11 to oct11 US 56th Rescue Squadron US Air Force S-70 H-60
    Not all models shown may have taken part in the Operation

    Individual helicopters

    Model IDs
    Agusta ASH-3D MM5012N    
    Westland WAH-64 Apache ZJ179     ZJ188     ZJ207     ZJ233    
    Westland Sea King HAS.5 ZD636     ZE418    
    AgustaWestland EH101 Mk.110 MM81484    


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    Aircraft Carrier (Nuclear Powered)  Charles de Gaulle class   French Navy R91 Charles de Gaulle,
    Aircraft Carrier V STOL  Garibaldi class   Italian Navy C 551 Giuseppe Garibaldi,
    Guided-Missile Destroyer  F100 Alvaro de Bazan   Spanish Navy F-101 Alvaro de Bazan,
    Guided-Missile Destroyer  De Zeven Provinciën class   Royal Netherlands Navy F803 Hr.Ms. Tromp,
    Guided-Missile Destroyer  Type 42 (Batch 1 and 2) class   Royal Navy D92 HMS Liverpool,
    Frigate  Maestrale class   Italian Navy F 572 Libeccio,
    Frigate  La Fayette class   French Navy F712 Courbet,
    Frigate  Regele Ferdinand class   Romanian Naval Forces F221 Regele Ferdinand,
    Frigate  Type 23 Duke class   Royal Navy F81 HMS Sutherland,
    Corvette  Comandant class   Italian Navy P 492 Comandante Bettica,
    Assault Carrier  Ocean class   Royal Navy L12 HMS Ocean,
    Assault Carrier  Mistral class   French Navy L9014 Tonnerre,
    Landing Ship/Platform Dock  Bay class   Royal Fleet Auxiliary L3008 RFA Mounts Bay,
    Landing Ship/Platform Dock  San Giorgio class   Italian Navy L 9892 San Giorgio, Italian Navy L 9894 San Giusto,
    Support Ship  Fort I class (1978)   Royal Fleet Auxiliary A385 RFA Fort Rosalie,
    Support Ship  Wave class   Royal Fleet Auxiliary A389 RFA Wave Knight,
    Support Ship  Etna class   Italian Navy A 5326 Etna,

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