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  • Armilla Patrol

    Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman


    Shortly after Iraq invaded Iran on 22 Sep 1980, a threat to international (and particularly, British) shipping was recognised and the UK government directed the Royal Navy to establish a standing patrol to protect commercial sea traffic in the area. On 7 Oct 1980, the Armilla Patrol, operating in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman was deployed.

    By May 1984 Iran had escalated attacks on commercial shipping, which served to intensify political attention on the area and the UN became involved. After the USS Stark (part of the US 5th Fleet, escorting shipping in the area) was fired on in May 1987, the UN demanded a cease-fire through SCR598 but it was not until 20 Aug 1988 that both sides agreed.

    During the 1991 and 2003 Gulf Wars, the Patrol was re-inforced and it is still operating. From the 1991 Gulf War, the area of operation was expanded to include the Red Sea. It has been renamed Operation Kipion since 2011.


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    DatesRotary Wing Aircraft UnitModels

    Not all models shown may have taken part in the Operation

    Individual helicopters

    Model IDs
    Westland Wasp XS567    
    Westland Lynx HAS2 XZ229     XZ722    


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    Guided-Missile Destroyer  Type 42 (Batch 1 and 2) class   Royal Navy D108 HMS Cardiff, Royal Navy D118 HMS Coventry, Royal Navy D86 HMS Birmingham, Royal Navy D87 HMS Newcastle, Royal Navy D89 HMS Exeter, Royal Navy D90 HMS Southampton, Royal Navy D91 HMS Nottingham,
    Guided-Missile Destroyer  Type 42 (Batch 3)   Royal Navy D95 HMS Manchester, Royal Navy D96 HMS Gloucester, Royal Navy D97 HMS Edinburgh, Royal Navy D98 HMS York,
    Frigate  Type 12 Rothesay class   Royal Navy F107 HMS Rothesay,
    Frigate  Type 21 Amazon class   Royal Navy F171 HMS Active, Royal Navy F172 HMS Ambuscade, Royal Navy F184 HMS Ardent,
    Frigate  Type 22 (Batch 1) Broadsword class   Royal Navy F88 HMS Broadsword, Royal Navy F89 HMS Battleaxe, Royal Navy F90 HMS Brilliant, Royal Navy F91 HMS Brazen,
    Frigate  Type 22 (Batch 2) Boxer class   Royal Navy F92 HMS Boxer, Royal Navy F93 HMS Beaver, Royal Navy F94 HMS Brave,
    Frigate  Type 23 Duke class   Royal Navy F235 HMS Monmouth, Royal Navy F80 HMS Grafton,
    Frigate  Broad Beam Leander class   Royal Navy F70 HMS Apollo, Royal Navy F72 HMS Ariadne,
    Frigate  Seawolf Leander class   Royal Navy F58 HMS Hermione, Royal Navy F60 HMS Jupiter, Royal Navy F71 HMS Scylla,
    Support Ship  Abdiel class   Royal Navy N21 HMS Abdiel,
    Support Ship  Improved Tide class   Royal Fleet Auxiliary A75 RFA Tidespring, Royal Fleet Auxiliary A76 RFA Tidepool,
    Support Ship  OL class   Royal Fleet Auxiliary A123 RFA Olna,
    Support Ship  Rover class   Royal Fleet Auxiliary A273 RFA Black Rover,
    Support Ship  Fort I class (1978)   Royal Fleet Auxiliary A385 RFA Fort Grange, Royal Fleet Auxiliary A386 RFA Fort Austin,

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