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  • Landing Ship/Platform Dock classes (L)

    ships


    Amphibious Ships

    LST Landing Ship, Tank: Built by hundreds during WWII with the main feature of bow doors and beaching capability to carry and deliver tanks and vehicles shore-to-shore . Only in 1969 a new concept was introduced with the Newport class: In order to gain a sustained speed of 20 knots the traditional bow doors were replaced by a ramp operated over the bow and supported by twin derrick arms.

    LSD Landing Ship, Dock: Introduced during WWII to carry landing craft which would them be launched directly from the ships well-deck or dock: a water-side site at which ships tie up in order to discharge and take in smaller crafts and amphibious vehicles expeditiously. Modern LSD docks are big enough to accomodate several Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) vehicles.

    LPD Amphibious Transport Dock (sometimes called Landing Platform Dock): Introduced after the Korean War combining the capabilities of ship classes APA (troops transport), AKA (cargo ship) and LSDs. They transport and land troops and vehicles ashore with their landing crafts and helicopters. British Fearless class usage during the Falklands/Malvinas war is a classic example.

    Assault Carriers : LPH, LHA, LHD: Flat top decks which carry and land troops mainly using helicopters. Some classes also have a dock combining the LPD capabilities. They could also operate V/STOL aircraft (like the Harrier) in the support role.

    Listed separately are Helicopters Carriers ( Non Amphibious Ships ) as Flat top decks which carry helicopters but normally not landing troops.



        Derivatives / Succeeded by Filter:    
    1943 USAshland class
    1944         usa Casa Grande class
    1954                 usa Thomaston class
    1969                         usa Anchorage class
    1985                                 usa Whidbey Island class
    1995                                         usa Harpers Ferry class
    1943 UKLST(3) class
    1949         india Magar class
    1943 USLST-491 class
    1962 USRaleigh class
    1965         usa Austin class
    2006                 usa San Antonio class
    1964 UKRound Table class
    1981         australia Modified Round Table class
    1987         india Magar (1987) class
    1965 UKFearless class
    2003         united kingdom Albion class
    1965 FROuragan class
    1990         france Foudre class
    1969 USNewport class
    1972 JPAtsumi class
    1975         japan Miura class
    1974 RURopucha class
    1974 FRBatral class
    1984 DZKalaat Beni class
    1987 ITSan Giorgio class
    1987 THNormed class
    1988 FRBougainville class
    1994 GRJason class
    1998 ESGalicia Class
    1998         netherlands Rotterdam class
    2005                 netherlands Improved Rotterdam class
    2006                         united kingdom Bay class
    1998 JPOsumi class
    2000 SGEndurance class
    2004 DKAbsalon class
    2007 CNtype 071 Yuzhao class
    2007 NZCanterbury class
    2007 IDMakassar class
    2017 USLewis B Puller Class