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  • malaysia Konfrontasi

    North Borneo, Sarawak, Brunei and Sabah


    08-dec-62    to    11-aug-66





    Although the seeds of the conflict (it was never acknowledged as a war) were sown in WWII and followed from Operation Firedog, violence erupted when Indonesian backed forces attacked Brunei Town early in the morning of 8 Dec 1962, in an attempt to derail the formation of the Federation of Malaysia. HMS Albion arrived off Brunei on 14 Dec and flew off Commando helicopters to support its retaking (aka Operation Ale). The first RAF helicopters to arrive were 2 Sycamore from 110 Squadron on 24 Dec 1962 at Seletar. 656 Squadron was in theatre and controlled a number of widely dispersed Flights. Operations to contain, disrupt and remove terrorist activities continued until the signing of the Bangkok Agreement in Aug 1966.


    Units

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    DatesRotary Wing Aircraft UnitModels
        dec62 to - UK 66 Squadron Royal Air Force Type 192 Belvedere
        dec62 to 11aug66 UK 110 Squadron Royal Air Force Type 171 Sycamore
    Whirlwind
        08dec62 to 11aug66 UK 656 Squadron Army Air Corps Scout
        08dec62 to 11aug66 UK 814 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Wessex
        14dec62 to - UK 845 Squadron Fleet Air Arm UH-12E Raven
    Wessex
    Wessex
    Wasp
    Whirlwind
        14dec62 to - UK 846 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Whirlwind
        jul63 to sep63 UK 815 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Wessex
        01aug63 to 11aug66 UK 103 Squadron Royal Air Force Whirlwind
    Type 171 Sycamore
        15nov63 to 01nov65 UK 225 Squadron Royal Air Force Whirlwind
        aug64 to nov64 UK 815 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Wessex
        08mar65 to 11aug66 UK 230 Squadron Royal Air Force Whirlwind
        apr65 to aug66 UK 848 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Whirlwind
    Wessex
        may65 to jul65 UK 815 Squadron Fleet Air Arm Wessex
    Not all models shown may have taken part in the Operation


    Individual helicopters


    Model IDs
    Westland Wessex HAS.1 XP107     XP154     XS151     XS154    
    Westland Wessex HU.5 XS497    
    Westland Scout AH.1 XR599    
    Westland Whirlwind HAR.10 XP327     XP357     XR480    
    Westland Whirlwind HAS.7 XN300    
    Bristol Type 192 Belvedere XG473    
    Bristol Sycamore 4 XG519     XL822     XL825    


    Ships

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    ClassesShips
    Aircraft Carrier  Majestic class   Royal Australian Navy R21 HMAS Melbourne,
    Aircraft Carrier  Modified Centaur class   Royal Navy R07 HMS Albion, Royal Navy R08 HMS Bulwark,
    Aircraft Carrier  Improved Centaur class   Royal Navy R12 HMS Hermes,
    Aircraft Carrier  Audacious class   Royal Navy R09 HMS Ark Royal,
    Guided-Missile Destroyer  County class   Royal Navy D12 HMS Kent,
    Frigate  Type 12 Rothesay class   Royal New Zealand Navy F111 HMNZS Otago,
    Support Ship  Triumph class   Royal Navy A108 HMS Triumph,



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