united kingdom Westland

Previously known as

Saunders Roe

More recently known as



Westland history

The Petters brothers began a small engineering company in Yeovil, Somerset in the early 1900s and it eventually grew into Westland Aircraft. Helicopter work had started as early as 1948, re-working and improving the Sikorsky S-51 design to produce the Dragonfly for the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force, entering service in 1953. This same year saw the last fixed wing design (the Wyvern) and Westland had produced about 6000 aircraft before it decided to concentrate on excellence in rotary wing airframes.
A similar improvement approach produced the Whirlwind (from the S-55) and the Wessex (from the S-58), which was also re-engineered for gas turbine operations. Major rationalisation of the UK aircraft industry occurred during the 1960s. Westland acquired Bristol Helicopters, Fairey Aviation and Saunders-Roe to transform itself into Westland Helicopters with plants at Yeovil, Weston-super-Mare, Eastleigh and Hayes.
In July 2000, GKN and Finnemeccanica (of Italy) concluded a joint venture agreement and AgustaWestland came into being in 2001.
Collaboration with Sikorsky (a major shareholder) continued with the Sea King and new arrangements were made with Aérospatiale for the Puma, Gazelle and Lynx and their derivatives. The mid 1980s were a very difficult period. By the late 1980s an acrimonious political row, figure-headed by Michael Hesletine and Leon Brittain led Westland to adopt a more European focus and began collaboration with Agusta on the EH101 (to become the Merlin). By 1994, United Technologies (Sikorsky's parent company) sold its stock in Westland and this was snapped up by GKN as part of its take-over. GKN-Westland was born in 1995. The injection of capital helped secure the UK Apache production for the British Army.

helicopter   List of Westland models

Model / Versions
1948 S-51 / R-5 / H-5

1950 Dragonfly 1A
1950 Dragonfly HC.2
1950 Dragonfly HR.1
1950 Dragonfly HR.3
1951 Dragonfly 1B
1952 Dragonfly HC.4
1953 Dragonfly HR.5
1952 S-55 H-19

1952 Whirlwind HAR.1
1953 Whirlwind SRS.1
1954 Whirlwind HAR.3
1954 Whirlwind HAR.4
1955 Whirlwind HAR.2
1955 Whirlwind HAR.5
1956 Whirlwind HAS.7
1956 Whirlwind HCC.8
1956 Whirlwind SRS.2
1957 Whirlwind HAR.9
1959 Whirlwind HAR.10
1959 Whirlwind SRS.3
1964 Whirlwind HCC.12
1965 Whirlwind HAS.3B
1955 dragonfly

1958 S-58 H-34

1961 Wessex HAS.1
1962 Wessex HAS.31
1963 Wessex HU.5
1964 Wessex HC.2
1964 Wessex Mk.54
1964 Wessex Mk.60
1965 Wessex HAS.3
1965 Wessex Mk.52
1965 Wessex Mk.53
1969 Wessex HCC.4
1976 Wessex HAR.2
1958 Westminster
1960 Skeeter

1961 Scout AH.1
1962 Saro P.531

1965 AB47

1969 S-61 H-3

Sea King
1969 Sea King HAS.1
1969 Sea King Mk.41
1970 Sea King Mk.42
1972 Sea King Mk.43
1973 Commando
1974 Sea King HAS.2
1974 Sea King Mk.45
1974 Sea King Mk.50
1975 Sea King Mk.47
1976 Sea King Mk.48
1977 Sea King HAS.2A
1978 Sea King HAR.3
1978 Sea King HC.4
1979 Sea King HAS.5
1979 Sea King Mk.42A
1979 Sea King Mk.43A
1982 Sea King AEW.2
1982 Sea King Mk.50A
1984 Sea King HAR.3A
1985 Sea King Mk.42B
1986 Sea King Mk.42C
1987 Sea King HU.5
1990 Sea King HAS.6
1990 Sea King Mk.43B
1995 Sea King Mk.45A
1971 Lynx

AgustaWestland Lynx
1976 Lynx HAS2
1977 Lynx mk21
1977 Lynx AH1
1977 Lynx HAS2 (FN)
1977 Lynx mk23
1977 Lynx mk25
1978 Lynx mk27
1978 Lynx mk28
1979 Lynx Mk81
1980 Lynx HAS2ICE
1980 Lynx HAS3
1980 Lynx mk80
1980 Lynx mk86
1981 Lynx mk87
1981 Lynx mk88
1982 Lynx HAS4 (FN)
1982 Lynx mk90
1983 Lynx mk89
1984 Lynx 3
1985 Lynx AH7
1986 Lynx AH9
1986 Lynx HAS3CTS
1986 Lynx HAS3GM
1986 Lynx HAS3ICE
1987 Lynx HAS3S
1989 Super Lynx mk99
1990 Lynx HAS3SGM
1991 Lynx HMA.8
1993 Lynx HAS3SICE
1993 SH-14D
1993 Super Lynx mk95
1996 Super Lynx mk21a
1999 Super Lynx mk88a
1999 Super Lynx mk99a
2000 Lynx HMA8 (DSP)
1979 Lynx

1982 30-100
1983 30-200
1984 30-100-60
1984 30-300
1989 S-70 H-60

WS-70 Black Hawk
1998 AH-64D Apache

WAH-64 Apache


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